Research Paper Final Draft

Neonatal Nursing

Arial Dillard

Marion Technical Institute

Mr. Perdomo

November 20, 2013

In America there are 3,999,386 births a year. About one in every 33 babies is born with a birth defect and one out of 8 babies is born premature. After birth every infant spends some amount of time in the hospital NICU. There are two types of NICUS, one for babies with small problems, and one for babies born premature or with a major problem and disease. They have smart, caring nurses and doctors that look after them and make sure they get all the things they need in order to go home with their parents healthy. Helping and saving babies is exactly what I want to do, and for my career in life.

Neonatology was first started by French midwives at the end of the 19th century. The first French National School of Midwives was established by Jean Anone Chaptal, it was going to provide a model of midwife training for the entire nation. Dr.Tarnier was the first obstetrician interested in understanding and helping the premature, weak and sickly babies. His midwife-in-chief helped him along the way of providing better care for the new research and care they were doing. The French government was supportive of any experimental effort to decrease infant mortality. (Paul L. Toubas)

The advancement of neonatology in America started soon after the death of President John F. Kennedy’s newborn son, Patrick who died just 39 hours after his birth. He was a victim of what was then the most common cause of death among premature infants in the United States, killing an estimated 25,000 babies each year His death brought increased awareness in the United States. (NY times.)

To become a neonatal nurse you first must become a registered nurse (RN) or a nurse practitioner (NP). An RN is typically a graduate of a 4-year college or university. Following that you have to get certified in Neonatal Resuscitation and/or Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing. You may be required to complete a certain number of years of clinical experience in a hospital setting. A Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) degree is required for becoming a neonatal nurse practitioner. Once you have completed all your schooling and training you must become certified by the State Board of Nursing or receive a national certification from an agency like the National Certification Corporation. (Davilia, Lisa)

Neonatal nurses and doctors do not just coddle babies all day and night; they have a tough job to do. They take care of the sickest babies, the smallest babies, the most fragile – all the way up to some of the big babies who also have some very big medical needs.

In America almost every hospital has a neonatal care floor. The modern day technology is astounding! There is a new program only a few hospitals have called the Angel Eye. An Arkansas-based healthcare technology company has released their Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Camera System, which allows family and friends to interact with hospitalized newborns. The NICU Camera System’s innovative video and audio technology provides users the ability to see and talk to an infant in a hospital’s NICU at any time via a password-protected, HIPPA-compliant web browser. It allows the parent to feel better connected to their newborn because they can have an eye on their infant in the NICU almost every second. Some Doctors are putting the camera systems up in the NICU and their home so if they are not present, the baby can still get the best quality care possible. (PR Web.)

Not every country is lucky enough to have that care and security for their newborns. In Africa there were infants receiving oxygen from a single setup using homemade oxy hoods that only gave 6 infants oxygen at once when a possible 20 needed it.

In these countries every year nearly 40% of all under-five child deaths are among newborn infants, babies in their first 28 days of life or the neonatal period. Nearly half of all mothers and newborns do not receive skilled care during and immediately after birth, and up to two thirds of newborn deaths can be prevented if known, effective health measures are provided at birth and during the first week of life.( World Health Organization)

So what I plan to do is become a neonatal nurse practitioner and create my own advanced medical teams for traveling to the countries that need the most medical help. I will have a variety of doctors and qualified nurses and staff to help me accomplish my dream. Our job will be providing the infants and their mothers with the treatment, technology and care they need to survive, like oxygen masks.

My teams and I will set up health care facilities in places where people can easily access it from surrounding areas. We will bring basic technology to these health care facilities such as incubators, oxygen, vaccines, monitors etc. The facilities will have trained staff always there to care for the people and babies. I would also install the angel eye cameras in each facility so we can always stay in contact with whomever we needed to while there.

When I get everything to run smoothly my main goal is to have qualified teams ready to work at these health care facilities full time, for a certain length of time. There will be other teams here in the United States preparing to go to a third world health care facility while other teams are at facilities caring for patients. I will have a facility in the United States for conducting training sessions and I will also provide vaccines for the teams that have never been to the third world countries before.

While providing prenatal and postnatal care to the mother and neonate we will also hold training sessions for the parents, siblings and families on how to care for babies with disabilities, diseases, and premature babies. I will do anything to help cut this mortality rate down and help those who sincerely need it.




  • “Angel Eye.” PR Web. N.p., 7 Aug. 2013. Web. <;.
  • Rossi, Holly. “New Technology Allows Parents to Bond with Preemies in the NICU.” Parents. N.p., 14 Dec. 2012. Web.
  • “Newborns: Reducing Mortality.” World Health Organization. N.p., May 2012. Web.
  • Developmental Goals. The UN, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.


  • Davilia, Lisa. “How to Become a Neonatal Nurse.” Careers. innerbody, n.d. Web.

20 Nov. 2013. <



  • Neonatology. Paul L. Toubas, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2013




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