Neonatology was first started by french midwives at the end of the 19th century. The first French National School of Midwives was established by Jean Anyoine Chaptal, it was going to provide a model of midwife training for the entire nation.Dr.Tarnier was the first obstetrician interested in understanding and helping the premature, weak and sickly babies. His midwife-in-chief helped him along the way of providing better care for the new research and care they were doing. The French government, was supportive of any experimental effort to decrease infant mortality.
The National Association of Neonatal Nurses (NANN) was founded in 1984 by five neonatal nurses in Northern California. The associations’ purpose is to adress the educational needs within the evolving world of neonatal nursing while giving neonatal nurses national representation.